HOP PROFILES

It seems that every time I go looking for information about particular hops, I have had difficulty finding a complete source. There are dozens of description pages that list a variety of hops, but none that I have found even come close to listing them all. So now I am sharing with you the fruits of a (hopefully not) wasted Saturday afternoon. This page is my attempt at a MUCH more complete list of Hops, their AA, Description Use, and Substitutes.

ADMIRAL (UK)
13-16% Alpha Acids • English • Bittering Hop
Said to be citrusy, orange flavored. A good compliment hop to Targets. Good dual purpose hop.
Used For: English style IPA and other ales
Substitutes: Challenger, Northdown

Availability: Out of stock
$3.00

AHTANUM
5.7-6.3% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
This hop is used for its Aromatic properties and moderate bittering. It has aromas that are citrus (grapefruit), earthy, and floral.
Use For: American Style ales
Substitutes: Amarillo, Cascade

AMARILLO
8-11% Apha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Popular American mid-range alpha acid variety with a unique and distinct aroma. It has a flowery, citrus like aroma, more orange than grapefruit.
Used For: Pale Ales, IPAs, Porters
Substitutes: Cascade, Centennial

Availability: In stock
$4.50

APOLLO
15-19% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
Characterized by its exceptionally high percentage of Alpha Acids, it has excellent storage stability. It has citrus notes, with emphasis on orange. It is resiny, and spicy.
Use For: Any beer with a big hop profile, definitely all american!
Substitutes:Magnum, Columbus

AQUILA
6-8% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Recent cultivar released from Idaho Experiment Station in 1987; has some aroma properties as well; not widely used.
Use For: American ales
Substitutes: Cluster, Galena

BANNER
9-11% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Similar to Aquila and Cluster with good yield.
Used For:Bittering with good flavor. Light and dark American lagers
Substitutes:Aquila, Cluster, Galena

BRAMLING CROSS
6-8% Alpha Acids • English • Finishing Hop
Variety Bramling crossed with a male seedling from a Manitoba female. Blackcurrant, lemony aroma.
Used For: Can be good for spiced ales
Substitutes: Bullion, Northern Brewer and Galena

BRAVO
14-17% Alpha Acids • Doestic • Bittering Hop
New Super High Alpha. The higher Co-Ho levels mean a not completely smooth bittering, but not as harsh as Chinook. (it's bittering properties are similar to Simcoe). Flavor and aroma are described as an earthy spice and herb, fruity and floral, so, I guess that is is different things to different people. It's a decendant of Zeus and Nugget.
Used For: American IPA, American Pale Ale, American Stout
Substitutes: Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus

BREWER'S GOLD
8-10% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
Sibling of and similar to Bullion only maturing earlier and more disease resistant. English/wild Canadian cross. Pungent English character.
Used for: Mainly bittering. Stouts and Dark ales
Substitutes: Chinook, Galena, Nugget

Availability: In stock
$3.50

BULLION
6.7-12.9% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
Intense,black currant aroma, spicy and pungent.  One of the earliest high alpha hops in the world. Raised in 1919
in England from a wild Manitoban female crossed with an English male hop.
Used for: Mainly bittering. Stouts and Dark ales
Substitutes: Brewers Gold, Northern Brewer and Galena ,Bramling Cross, Mt Ranier

CALYPSO
10-12% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Calypso is a diploid aroma-type hop, originated from a cross between Hopsteiner breeding female 98005 and a Hopsteiner male derived from Nugget and USDA 19058m. It has a pleasant fruity aroma with hints of pear and apple.
Used For: Ales, Stouts, and Barley Wines
Substitutes: Cascade, Galena

Availability: Out of stock
$3.25

CASCADE
4.5-7% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Flowery, citrus & spice with grapefruit the noticeable fragrance quite often. Good for flavor and aroma, but an acceptable bittering hop. Derived from a cross between fuggles and the Russian hop Serebrianker. Very popular hop among craft brewers. 
Used For: All US-Style Ales, IPAs, Porters, Barley Wines, Witbier
Substitutes: Amarillo, Centennial, Ahtanum

Availability: In stock
$2.50

CENTENNIAL
9.5-11.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Flowers & citrus most evident. A medium aroma with mid to high bittering value makes it a dual purpose choice. Released in 1990, Centennial is among the most popular hop used by US craft brewers today. The variety is sometimes called the super Cascade though its citrus aromas are lighter than those in Cascade. Acceptable for bittering.
Used For: All US-Style Ales, IPAs, Wheat beers
Substitutes: Cascade, Chinook, Columbus, Amarillo

Availability: In stock
$3.99

CHALLENGER (UK)
6.5-9% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop
Mild to Moderate aroma, quite spicy. One of the few recognized all-purpose hops combining moderate amounts of alpha acid with a good kettle aroma.
Used For: Popular bittering hop used primarily in the UK.  British ales and lagers
Substitutes: Northern Brewer, Perle

CHINOOK
12-14% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Categorized as a high alpha variety with an aroma of spicy, piney and a distinct grapefruit. This alluring aroma and a high bittering value has gained this hop full respect from craft & major brewers. The variety has a good resistance to disease but it susceptible to powdery mildew. Cross between Petham Golding and a high alpha USDA male.
Used For: US-Style Pale Ales, IPAs, Stouts, Porters, Lagers
Substitutes: Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer

Availability: In stock
$3.00

CITRA
11-13% • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Very fruity Citrus, peach, apricot, passion fruit, grapefruit, lime, melon, gooseberry, lychee fruit, pineapple, mango, papaya and other tropical fruit flavors and aromas. A very new high alpha Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Tettnanger, EKG hybrid with distinctive citrus aroma.
Use For: US-Style Pale Ales, IPAs, Double IPAs
Substitutes: Unknown

Availability: In stock
$3.50

CLUSTER
5.5-8.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
With its well balanced bittering and aroma properties, Cluster is an excellent multipurpose hop. The variety is the oldest hop grown in the U.S and was one of a few hops that grew until the late 1970's. Cluster has a good resistance to disease.
Used For: Ales(aroma), Lagers(bittering), Stouts
Substitutes: Galena, Chinook, Eroica, Nugget

Availability: In stock
$2.50

COLUMBIA
6.8-11.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Very pungent, aromatic, and clean tasting.
Used For: Ambers, Ales, Pale Ales, Porters and Stouts.
Substitutes: Centennial, Chinook, Eroica

COLUMBUS (AKA Tomahawk or Zeus)
14-16% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Also known as CTZ (Columbus/ Tomahawk/ Zeus), Columbus is a half sister to Nugget and is a super high alpha variety. Columbus is used as a bittering hop with an intense, pungent aroma. CTZ has a high resistance to mildew and other disease. High on the bittering scale yet also valued for its oil content creates a hop that is an interesting dichotomy of sharp and herbal, suprisingly pleasant aroma.  
Used For: US IPAs, US Pale Ales, Stouts, Barley Wines, Lagers
Substitutes: Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Millennium

Availability: In stock
$3.99

COMET
9-11% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
A rare U.S. hop. Used primarily for their bittering character. Wild American aroma that is objectionable to some brewers, Comet today is no longer grown commercially.
Used For: Most ales and lagers
Substitutes: Galena

CRYSTAL
3.5-5.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Crystal is a triploid variety with derivations from Hallertau MF, Cascade, and Northern Brewer. Primarily grown in Oregon, its aroma is mild and pleasant with a delicate blend of spices and flowers.The variety is versatile and wildly popular.
Used For: Lagers, Kolsch, ESBs, Pilsners, IPAs, Pale Ales, Belgian Ales
Substitutes: Mt. Hood, Hersbrucker, Strisselpalt, Liberty, Hallertau

Availability: In stock
$3.00

DELTA
5.5-7% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Delta (Hopsteiner 04188) is a new aroma variety that was developed by the Hopsteiner Breeding Program and released in 2009. It is a cross between Fuggle and a male variety derived from Cascade. It shows good tolerance to downy mildew. Delta has a mild and pleasant aroma that is slightly spicy with a hint of citrus.
Used For: American Pale ales, American IPA, experiment with new styles
Substitutes:

EL DORADO
14-16% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
A relatively new variety with consistent performance, quickly making it popular for hop-forward styles or beers with complex flavor profiles.Tasting notes commonly specify aromas of watermelon, pear, candy, or stone fruit. There is often an undertone of citrus, and sometimes an identifiable fresh-cut-grass taste.
Used For: US-Style Pale Ales, IPAs
Substitutes: Citra, Nelson, Sauvin, Rakau

Availability: In stock
$3.99

EROICA
7.3-14.9% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Aroma is quite strong, but not unpleasant. Better aroma than many high alpha acid hops. Suitable for general bittering. Bred by open pollination of Brewer's Gold.
Used For: bittering and good aroma for high alpha hops (use sparingly). Pale ales, dark ales and Stouts
Substitutes: Chinook,Cluster,Galena,Nugget.

FALCONER'S FLIGHT BLEND
11-12% Alpha Acids • Premium Blend • Dual Purpose Hop
Tropical Fruit, Citrus, floral, lemon and Grapefruit character.  Hop Union has hand selected the best of the best Northwest hops, chosen for aroma and flavor qualities and blended them into one AWESOME pelletized hop bomb.
Used For: US-Style IPAs, Pale Ales, Lagers
Substitutes: Citra, Simcoe, Amarillo, Sorachi Ace, Summit, Cascade

Availability: Out of stock
$3.75

FALCONER'S FLIGHT 7 C's BLEND
9-10% Alpha Acids • Premium Blend • Dual Purpose Hop
This proprietary pellet blend is comprised of seven varieties of "C" hops and is perfect for any Northwest-style IPA. Each hop has been hand selected for its superior aromatic qualities, imparting distinct tropical, citrus, floral, lemon and grapefruit tones.
Used For: US-Style IPAs, Pale Ales, Lagers, IBAs, Black IPAs, APAs
Substitutes: Citra, Simcoe, Amarillo, Falconer's Flight, Cascade, Centennial, Chinook, Columbus, Cluster, Crystal, and many more

Availability: In stock
$3.75

FIRST GOLD
6.5-10% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop
Pleasant citrus/apricot nose that is outstanding in ESB's, IPA's, or fruit beers.  Dwarf hop with fine English Golding character with Higher alpha.
Use For: English style ales, porters, fruit beers
Substitutes: any Golding variety

FUGGLE (US)
4.0-5.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Classic English aroma and provides a well balanced bitterness which makes it a great choice for English and American-Style Ales. Mild and pleasant, spicy, soft, woody, with some fruit tones. Also known over-seas as Styrian Golding.
Used For: Any English-Style beer, US Ales, Lambics
Substitutes: UK Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, East Kent Golding

Availability: In stock
$3.50

GALAXY (AU)
13.5-14.8% Alpha Acids • Australian • Dual Purpose Hop
Australian high alpha dual purpose hop with a big unique aroma, described as a combination of citrus and passionfruit. Used in Widmer Galaxy Hopped Barley Wine.
Used For: Good for bittering with tropical fruit flavors and very fragrant. Pale Ales, IPA's, Barley Wines
Substitutes: Simcoe, Citra, Amarillo any IPA type Hop

Availability: In stock
$3.75

GALENA
12-14% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Medium aroma but pleasant hoppiness.  Bred from Brewer's Gold by open pollination. Excellent high alpha acid hop with balanced bittering profiles paired with an acceptable citrus aroma.
Used For: Often used as a late addition for intense citrus and tropical flavors. American ales, stouts and lagers. Suitable for all beer styles.
Substitutes: Brewer's Gold, Columbus, Nugget

Availability: In stock
$3.50

GLACIER
5-6% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Puprose Hop
he variety has a low cohumulone content which allows a well balanced bittering properties along with a pleasant aroma of citrus mixed with sweet fruity of pear or apricot. Aroma seems to be the strong suit of this hop.
Use For: Pale Ales, ESBs, English-Style Pale Ales, Porters,  Stouts
Substitutes: Fuggle, Styrian Golding, Willamette

Availability: In stock
$2.50

GOLDING
4-6% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Refined gentle, fragrant and pleasant with flowery tones. Has produced some of England's best bitters.
Used For: All English-style beers (Ales, ESB, Bitter), Belgian-style Ales, Barley Wines
Substitutes: UK East Kent Golding, Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding

Availability: In stock
$3.00

GREEN BULLET (NZ)
11-14% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Bittering Hop
A high alpha hop with fruity and resiny flavors and floral aromas, from New Zealand.  Considered a bittering variety typically for Lager, Green Bullet also carries a solid Styrian characteristic of subtle spiciness which finds it at home in a freshly drawn pint of Bitter or an Irish-style Dry Stout.
Used For: Lagers, some ales and stouts
Substitutes:Fuggle, Willamette

HALLERTAU
3.5-5.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Named for its origins in the Hallertauer region of Germany, this is a noble aroma hop with ever-so-subtle flower and spice fragrances defining its “über alles” superiority.
Used For: Lagers, Pilsners, Weizens, Beglain-Style Ales, Altbier, Lambic, Kölsch, Munich Helles
Substitutes: Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, German Hallertau, German Tradition

Availability: Out of stock
$2.99

HALLERTAU HALLERTAUER
3.5-5% Alpha Acids • German • Finishing Hop
Traditionally a superior German aroma hop. Mild to semi-strong aroma , the most popular variety. Excellent flavor.
Used For: Versatile bittering and finishing. Wheats, Altbiers, Pilseners, Belgian ales, American and German lagers.
Substitutes Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal.

HALLERTAU HERSBRUCKER
3-5% Alpha Acids • German • Finishing Hop
Drier, spicier than Hallertauer. Most important aroma variety in Germany.
Used For: Aroma and flavor. German ales and lagers.
Substitutes: Mt Hood

HALLERTAU MITTELFRUH
3-5.5% Alpha Acids • German • Finishing Hop
Typical characteristics of a hallertau mild and pleasant aroma
Use For:Good all around bittering and finishing. Stock ales, Altbiers, Belgian ales, and Continental style lagers. Pilsner, Bock, Lager, Wheat
Substitutes: any Hallertau, Liberty, Vanguard, German Tradition

Availability: In stock
$2.99

HALLERTAUER (NZ)
6.5-8.5% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Dual Purpose Hop
Bred from the German Hallertau Mittelfrüh, this aroma hop is characterized by woodsy, citrusy notes and a clean taste that has staying power.   Higher alpha makes it an acceptable bittering hop as well. 
Used For:  Organic Pilsner, Lager, German-style beers
Substitutes: Hallertau Mittelfrüh

HERALD
11-13% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop
New high-alpha acid dwarf hop. The Herald hop is a new derivative breed from the Pioneer hop variety. The Herald hop variety combines good bittering qualities with an acceptable flavor and aroma profile.
Used For: Dark Ales, Golden Ales, Pale Ales, Strong Bitters
Substitutes: Pioneer

HORIZON
11-13% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Half sister of Nugget; lineage includes Brewer's Gold and Early Green. Bred in Oregon.
Used For: US-Style Ales
Substitutes: Magnum

HÜLLER
4-6% Alpha Acids • German • Dual Purpose Hop
A universal hop for both bittering and aroma.
Used For: Bitters, German ales and lagers
Substitutes: Unknown

KENT GOLDING
4-6% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop 
Refined Gentle, Fragrant and pleasant with flowery tones.  Traditional old English hop. Referred to as East Kent Goldings if grown in East Kent, Kent Goldings if grown in Mid-Kent, and  Goldings if grown elsewhere. 
Used For: Classic English ales, kettle hopping, dry hopping, spicy flavor. All English-style beers (Ales, ESB, Bitter), Belgian-style Ales
Substitutes: Goldings (British Columbia), Fuggle, Willamette.

LIBERTY
3-5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
American cousin to Hallertau with very similar flower and spice characteristics, mild and pleasant, quite fine. Best used as a finishing hop in German-style lagers.  
Used For: US Lagers, German Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks, Kölsch, Wheats
Substitutes: US or German Hallertau, Mt. Hood, Crystal

Availability: In stock
$3.50

LUBLIN
3-4.5% Alpha Acids • Polish • Finishing Hop
Mild and typical of noble aroma types. Another source of the classical noble-aroma type hop with long and strong traditions. Widely believed to be a clone of Saaz.
Used For: Finishing
Substitutes: Czech Saaz, Tettnang

MAGNUM (US)
10-14% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
A German thoroughbred with limited Pacific Northwest plantings. Prized for its high bittering value, the aromatic nature is one of spice and citrus, but is minimal compared to its big bittering. Magnum has an excellent tolerance to disease, making it a popular choice for hop farmers.
Used For: All Ales and Lagers
Substitutes: Galena, German Magnum, Horizon

Availability: In stock
$2.75

MILLENNIUM
14.5-16.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
Very similar to Nugget hops in aroma and flavor.  Some descriptors included floral, resiny, and a bit spicy/herbal.
Use For: American Style Ales
Substitutes: Nugget, Columbus

MOSAIC
11.5-13.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Very floral, tropical, fruity, earthy and other tropical fruit flavors and aromas. A very new high alpha aroma hop with distinctive citrus and tropical fruit aroma. Excellent for dry hopping.
Used For: US-Style Pale Ales, IPAs, Double IPAs
Substitutes: N/A

Availability: In stock
$3.99

MOTUEKA (NZ)
6.5-7.5% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Dual Purpose Hop
An excellent hop in many applications from first kettle additions through to late.  This hop offers a unique aroma and flavour making it suitable for producing bigger more traditional style Lagers, especially Bohemian Pilsener. Excellent when employed in multiple additions from a single hop bill and sits well on the palate to balance speciality malt sweetness. An excellent variety for Belgian Ales and gives a real edge to Cask Bitter.
Used For: European Lagers, Belgian and English Ales, Pilsners, 
Substitutes: Saaz (US), Sterling

Availability: In stock
$4.99

MT. HOOD
4-8% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Mt. Hood is an American aroma hop bred from the German Hallertauer variety with similar mild flower/spice aroma characteristics with a hint more of the forest. Relative to Ultra, Liberty, and Crystal. Crafted in Oregon in 1983 and named after the famous volcano, it offers clean bittering.
Used For: US-Style and German-Style Ales and Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks, Altbier, Munich Helles, Wheat
Substitutes: German Hallertau, German Hersbrucker, Liberty, Crystal

Availability: Out of stock
$3.00

NELSON SAUVIN (NZ)
12-13% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Dual Purpose Hop
Described to have a white wine fruitiness of "crushed gooseberries".  A hop that requires judicious application in the brew house, this truly unique dual-purpose variety can be used to produce big punchy Ales as well as subtle yet bitter Lagers. The fruitiness may be a little overpowering for the un-initiated, however those with a penchant for bold hop character will find several applications for this true brewer's hop.
Used For: US-Style Ales, Lagers
Substitutes: N/A

Availability: In stock
$5.99

NEWPORT
13.5-17% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
Mild aroma.  Fairly pungent, resiny flavor.  An Oregon original derived from Brewers gold, Mittelfruh, Late Grape, Belgium 31, and Fuggle.  Newport hops were bred as a potential replacement to Galena based on their resistance to mildew.  Widely used by the Rogue Brewery.
Used For: virtually any style
Substitutes: Galena

NOBLE HOPS
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh
(from the Hallertau region of Bavaria)
Tettnanger Tettnang (Tettnang is a small town in southern Germany)
Spalter Spalt (Spalt is a town in Bavaria)
Saaz (which is the German name of the city of ┼Żatec in the Czech Republic where this hop originates from)

NORTHDOWN
7-10% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop
Mellow English higher alpha-acid hop.  Similar to Northern Brewer, but with a better flavor and aroma than domestic NB; A clean bittering hop.
Used For: General purpose bittering, flavor and aroma for heavier ales.  Porters.
Substitutes: Northern Brewer, Target

NORTHERN BREWER (US)
8-10% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
US grown variety of the English hop developed in 1934, ancestor of the Canterbury Golding.A true dual-purpose hop containing moderate amounts of alpha acids combined with an acceptable aroma profile. Neutral, clean aroma, woody with evergreen and mint overtones and slightly higher-than-average bittering value.
Used For: Porters, Ales, Kolsch, Munich Helles, ESBs, German Lagers, Steam beers, 
Substitutes: Galena, Perle, Magnum, Chinook, German Northern Brewer

Availability: In stock
$3.50

NUGGET
12-14.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop 
Strong heavy and herbal, spicy aroma and high bittering value (along with desirable growing traits) has brought this hop variety to the forefront of the industry. This hop has become increasingly popular for its herbal aromas with a pear and peach note.
Used For: Ales, Stouts, Barley Wines, Saisons, Biere de Garde
Substitutes: Galena, Magnum, Columbus

Availability: In stock
$3.99

OLYMPIC
10.6-13.8% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
Moderate aroma. Similar to Chinook and Brewers Gold.
Used for: Mainly bittering. Stouts and Dark ales.
Substitutes: Brewers Gold, Chinook, Galena.

OMEGA
9-11% Alpha Acids • English • Bittering Hop
A very new very bitter hop.
Used For: General bittering lagers, ales, stouts
Substitutes: any high alpha

ORION
8-9% Alpha Acids • German • Finishing Hop
Classic Noble style, Dual Use hop from Germany.  Not much info available
Use For: German ales and lagers
Substitutes: Northern Brewer, Perle

PACIFICA (NZ)
5-6% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Finishing Hop
The Pacifica brings something of a blend of new and old-world taste descriptors to the brewers' forum. Orange marmalade aptly describes the citrus aroma notes achieved through late addition.  Bittering quality is such that early kettle additions net a soft yet solid finish even in highly bittered beers.
Used For: Aroma Hop in multiple styles
Substitutes: Hallertau

PACIFIC GEM (NZ)
13.5-15% • New Zealand • Bittering Hop
A pleasing fruity aroma of blackberries with a woodsy flavor are the essence of this variety used mainly as a bittering agent in organic beers.
Used For: Organic Pale Ales, IPAs, Lagers
Substitutes: Cluster, Magnum, Galena

Availability: In stock
$5.50

PACIFIC JADE (NZ)
12-14% All Purpose
The aroma of this hop is described as “bold” as it delivers a herbal infusion of fresh citrus and crushed black pepper.  The citrus aroma and flavour notes work well to temper malt sweetness in “fullish” Ales especially when used moderately as a finishing hop.
Used For: Lagers, Full Bodied Ales
Substitutes: N/A

Availability: In stock
$6.49

PALISADE
5.5-9.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Bred by the Yakima Chief Ranches, Palisade is an aroma variety with moderate bittering properties. Palisade is used as a duel purpose hop and has a good resistance to powdery and downy mildew. Its aroma is described as floral, subtle apricot, grassy or ”pretty”. Non-aggressive, smooth hop flavor with a fruity, non-citrusy aroma more characteristic of english style Pale ales.
Use For: English and US-Style Ales
Substitutes: Willamette, Glacier

Availability: In stock
$3.00

PERLE (US)
7-9.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
A palate-pleaser with its moderate,pleasant, minty clean bittering qualities and refreshing, spicy "green hop" aroma. Derived from English Notheren Brewer. Often used as a dual purpose hop.
Used For: Pale Ales, Porters, Stouts, Lagers, Weizen, Altbier, Barley Wines, Kolsch
Substitutes: German Perle, German and US Northern Brewer, Cluster, Galena

Availability: In stock
$2.75

PHOENIX (UK)
8-12% Alpha Acids • English • Bittering / Dual Purpose Hop
Attractive English aroma (sources say similar to challenger) that performs well as a replacement for high alpha or dual purpose hops early in the boil; late hop additions for aroma tend to be mellow. Use as an aroma hop were reportedly dissapointing.
Use For: English Ales including porters, stouts, ESBs, and bitters.
Substitutes: UK Challenger, UK Northdown

Availability: In stock
$4.99

PIONEER
8-10.5% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop
New dwarf variety with clean bitterness and mild English aroma.  Unusual pleasant lemon/grapefruit citrus aroma distinctively hoppy.
Use For: English Ales, ESBs, and bitters.
Substitutes: Yeoman, Herald, Omega

PRIDE OF RINGWOOD (AU)
8.6-10.5% Alpha Acids • Australian • Bittering Hop
Quite pronounced aroma but not unpleasant, citrus-like. At the time of release in 1965 it was the highest alpha hop in the world. closely associated with such famous beers as Foster's Lager.
Used For:  Predominantly bittering but with interesting aromatic qualities. British ales, Australian- style ales and lagers.
Substitutes: Centennial, Galena, Cluster

PROGRESS
6-7.5% Alpha Acids • English • Finishing Hop
Similar to Fuggles but a little sweeter. aka UK Progress and Wye Progress. Bred from Whitbred Goldings Vareity but with an assertive fruity aroma.  Robust, Fruity, Lime. M. Jackson called them “junipery”.
Used For: Widely used for real cask ales. English and Scottish ales
Substitutes: Goldings and Fuggle

RIWAKA (NZ)
4.5-6.5% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Finishing Hop
powerful grapefruit “citrus” characters are literally breathtaking.  A punchy addition to the new-world styles of Pale Ale and regional Pilseners. A cult hero that is established in the New Zealand craft beer culture.
Used For: Pale ales or any hop dominant ale
Substitutes:

SAAZ (CZ)
2-5% Alpha Acids • Czech Republic • Finishing Hop
Imported from the Czech Republic, Saaz is a noble type hop considered to have a mild, pleasant, earthy aroma. Czech Saaz has a very low Alpha count which makes it ineffective for bittering.
Used For: Finishing, very flavorful. Bohemian-style beers, Continental lagers, Wheats, Pilsener lagers.
Substitutes: Polish Lublin, US Saaz, US Sterling, Tettnang

Availability: In stock
$3.89

SAAZ (US)
3-4.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
U.S. equivalent of the Czech variety, but lacks some of the fine-ness of aroma. The Old World steadfast standby made famous by Pilsner Urquell possesses the aromatic blend of earth and spice notable in European nobles. Low bittering value.
Used For: Pilsners, Lagers, Wheats, Belgian-Style Ales
Substitutes: Czech Saaz, Polish Lublin, Sterling, Tettnang

Availability: Out of stock
$3.99

SANTIAM
5-7% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Resembles a Noble hop aroma. Herbal. Floral. This is a mixture of Tettnanger, Mittelfruh, Cascades,and who knows what else. Aroma is a suggestion of Tettnanger. Another product of Oregon State University.
Used For: Lagers, Pilsners, Belgian Tripel, Kolsch, Bocks, Munich Helles
Substitutes: Citra, German Spalt, German Spalter Select, German Tettnang

Availability: In stock
$3.50

SAPHIR
2-4.5% Alpha Acids • German • Finishing Hop
Refined, sweet, mild clean citrus, hint of tangerine. It was bred with a Hallertau parent and probably a long list of other hops to make it more commercially viable.
Used For: Plisners, German lagers, Belgian whites
Substitutes: Hallertau Mittelfruh

SIMCOE
12-14% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Aromas of passionfruit, apricot, intense pine, and woodsy aroma adds to the fresh, youthful vigor of this complex hop. Dual purpose but generally considered a bittering hop.
Used For: US-Style Ales, Pale Ales, IPAs, Double IPAs
Substitutes: Summit, Magnum, Amarillo, Cascade, Centennial

Availability: In stock
$3.99

SLADEK
5-9% Alpha Acids • Czech Republic • Finishing Hop
Hybrid aroma variety of Saaz type with excellent impact on hoppy taste and aroma of beer. New dual purpose Czech hop.
Used For: Lagers
Substitutes: Saaz

SORACHI ACE
10-16% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop 
Being an extremely high alpha aroma hop, Sorachi Ace is unique variety; great for bittering with and bold lemon kick, The variety was developed in 1984 for Supporo Brewers Ltd. Sorachi Ace's pedigree includes Brewer's Gold and Saaz.
Used For: Belgian Wits, IPAs, Pale Ales, Belgian Saisons
Substitutes: N/A

Availability: In stock
$3.99

SOUTHERN CROSS (NZ) 
11-14% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Dual Purpose Hop
The aroma is characterised by a heady mix of lemon peel and pine needles layered beneath the clean spiciness.  Primarily a bittering hop but reported to have a nice mellow aroma as a late addition hop.
Used For: Australian Lagers
Substitutes:

SPALTER
2.5-5.5% Alpha Acids • German • Finishing Hop
Traditional German noble hop.  A Saaz alternative, Aromatic and flavorful.
Used For: Great in German lagers
Substitutes: Saaz, Tettnang, Ultra

STERLING
6-9% Alpha Acids • Domestic • FInishing Hop
Herbs and spices dominate, flowers and citrus around the fringes. Moderate bittering values with a mix of Saaz and Mt. Hood properties.  
Used For: Ale, Pilsner, Lager
Subs: Saaz, Mt Hood

STICKLEBRACT
13-14.2% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Dual Purpose Hop
Noted for its  piney, citrusy aroma. May give a unique New Zealand twist to English beer styles. Coarse, high-alpha acid variety.
Used For: Pale Ales
Substitutes: German Northern Brewer

STYRIAN GOLDINGS
4-6% Alpha Acids • Finishing Hop
Delicate, slightly spicy, soft and floral. A world renowned aroma hop with widespread usage in both ale and lager brewing. An ecotype of Fuggle grown in Slovenia.
Used For: Bittering, finishing, dry hopping. english style ales, Vienna/Oktoberfest lagers, Belgian ales, Pilseners.
Substitutes: Fuggle, Willamette.

SUMMIT
16-19% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Summit is a high alpha, dwarf variety bred by members of the American Dwarf Hop Association. Its aromas have been described as herbal, citrus, grapefruit, and tangerine. It has been used for bittering and dry hopping. This hop is showcased in Widmer's Drifter Pale Ale and is gaining popularity with the DIPA crowd.
Used For: IPAs, Pale Ales, Imperial IPAs, Barley Wines, Stouts
Substitutes: Columbus, Warrior, Millennium, Simcoe, Amarillo, Cascade

Availability: In stock
$3.50

SUN
15-16% Alpha Acids • Bittering Hop
A super alpha hop. Not much info on this one.
Used For:
Substitutes: 

SUPER ALPHA
10-13% Alpha Acids • New Zealand • Dual Purpose Hop
Slight fresh grassiness beneath a mix of aromas such as pine needles and lemongrass.  A very versatile hop in the brew house where it can be used to deliver a very crisp bitter edge on the back pallet as well as excellent aroma qualities. Like most New Zealand varieties the exceptional oil profile sets it apart as a hop with many applications. 
Used For:
Substitutes:

SUPER GALENA
13-16% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
uper Galena is a super high alpha variety developed by the Hopsteiner breeding program and released in 2006. It has relatively high contents of both alpha and beta acids, making it a good bittering hop with pleasant aroma. Super Galena is comparable to Galena in its aroma and bitterness profile, but offers a substantially higher yield and complete resistance to all current hop powdery mildew strains found in the U.S.
Used For: Very bitter, but blends well with finishing hops. American ales, stouts and lagers. Suitable for all beer styles.
Substitutes: Galena, Nugget, Cluster, Chinook.

TALISMAN
5.7-8% Alpha Acids • Domestic •  Dual Purpose Hop
An improved Cluster variety. Not much more info available.
Used For:
Substitutes:

TARGET
8.9-15.2% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop
Widely used for high alpha acid content comined with an acceptable aroma. Pleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.
Used For: Robust bittering. British ales and lagers.
Substitutes: None really quite like it, maybe East Kent Goldings or Northdown.

TAURUS
12-17% Alpha Acids • German • Bittering Hop
Ultra high-alpha acid variety of Hallertau, giving medium bitterness. It has a distinctive hoppy tang with a delicate aroma.
Use For: German-Style Ales
Substitutes: Magnum, Citra, German Tradition

TETTNANG (US)
4-5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Fine, very spicy, mild, floral, very aromatic. Recently established in the U.S., traditional German variety, true noble aroma variety.
Used For: US-Style Ales, Wheats, Lagers, Pilsners
Substitutes: Fuggle, Santiam, German Spalt Select, German Spalt

Availability: In stock
$2.25

TOMAHAWK (AKA Columbus or Zeus)
14-16% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Also known as CTZ (Columbus/ Tomahawk/ Zeus), Tomahawk is a half sister to Nugget and is a super high alpha variety. Tomahawk is used as a bittering hop with an intense, pungent aroma. CTZ has a high resistance to mildew and other disease. High on the bittering scale yet also valued for its oil content creates a hop that is an interesting dichotomy of sharp and herbal, suprisingly pleasant aroma.  
Used For: US IPAs, US Pale Ales, Stouts, Barley Wines, Lagers
Substitutes: Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Millennium

Availability: In stock
$3.99

TRADITION
5-7% Alpha Acids •  German • Finishing Hop
High-alpha acid Hallertau variety with German characteristics grown to replace Hersbrucker.
Use For: Lagers, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat, Weizen
Substitutes: Magnum, Hersbrucker, Taurus

ULTRA
2-3.5% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop 
Newer domestic aroma variety with Saaz characteristics. Very fine, mild, spicy with floral notes. Bred as a substitute for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Used For: finishing hop for Pilsner and German style lagers.
Substitutes: Hallertau, Any Noble hop, Crystal, Liberty, Mt. Hood

VANGUARD
5-6% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
Slightly flowery, mild. Similar to Hallertau Mittlefruh and Saaz in aroma. A gentle hop for subtle bitterness, aroma, and flavor.
Use For: Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks, Kolsch, Wheats, Munich Helles, Belgian-Style Ales
Substitutes: Hallertau, German Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood, Liberty

Availability: In stock
$3.99

WARRIOR
15-17% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Bittering Hop
Developed by the Yakima Chief Ranches in Washington State, Warrior is known for its mild aroma. Warrior is a popular choice for many brewers for its high alpha content, making it an excellent bittering hop. Has grapefruit, lemon, and some piney notes. Its high bittering value and very mild aroma offers new dimensions to IPA & Double IPA brewers.
Used For: Pale Ales, IPAs, Stouts, Barley Wines
Substitutes: Columbus, Nugget, Magnum, Summit

Availability: In stock
$3.99

WILLAMETTE
4-6% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Finishing Hop
The king of aroma hops in the U.S. with its modest bittering value and the joyous harmony of flowers, fruit, earth and spice. A quality aroma hop with a smooth soft flavor. 
Used For: All English-Style Ales, US Pale Ales, US Brown Ales, American Lagers, Porters
Substitutes: Glacier, Fuggle (US), Tettnang (US), Styrian Golding, Kent Golding

Availability: In stock
$3.25

YEOMAN
12-16% Alpha Acids • English • Bittering Hop
A popular bittering hop in the U.K.Similar to Targets.Not too available in the U.S.
Used For:  British ales and lagers
Substitutes: Target

ZENITH
9-11% Alpha Acids • English • Dual Purpose Hop
Has a good aroma. The Zenith variety of hop originated in England during the 1970's. It is resistant to mildew disease. The pedigree of the Zenith hop is not publicly available. Zenith varietal hops provide a pleasant aroma while retaining the bittering abilities of the orginal high-alpha hops.
Used For:  British ales and lagers.A.A
Substitutes:

ZEUS (AKA Columbus or Tomahawk)
14-16% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose Hop
Also known as CTZ (Columbus/ Tomahawk/ Zeus), Columbus is a half sister to Nugget and is a super high alpha variety. Columbus is used as a bittering hop with an intense, pungent aroma. CTZ has a high resistance to mildew and other disease. High on the bittering scale yet also valued for its oil content creates a hop that is an interesting dichotomy of sharp and herbal, suprisingly pleasant aroma.  
Used For: US IPAs, US Pale Ales, Stouts, Barley Wines, Lagers
Substitutes: Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Millennium

Availability: In stock
$3.99

ZYTHOS
~11% Alpha Acids • Domestic • Dual Purpose 
A proprietary hop blend created to embody the powerful tradition and aroma you expect for your finest ales and IPA brews. With targeted brewing values of 11.9% alpha and 5.0% beta, ZYTHOS is an IPA style blend created to optimize and exceed the aroma characteristics found in the finest American IPA's and Pale ales (and any other hoppy American style). ZYTHOS is not a replacement for proprietary varieties, but rather, a premium pellet blend that will compliment your current IPA and Pale Ale brews.This novel proprietary pellet blend is comprised of many of the Northwest’s most unique hop varieties and is perfect for any American-style IPA. Each hop has been hand selected for its superior aromatic qualities, imparting distinct tangerine, citrus, floral, pine and grapefruit tones.
Used For: IPAs, Pale Ales
Substitutes: Amarillo, Cascade

Availability: In stock
$3.75

 

 

-----------------------------------------
References

• www.BrewDudes.com

• Freshops: Variety descriptions. Philomath Oregon. 2009

• Garetz, Mark. Using Hops: The Complete Guide to Hops for the Craft Brewer. Danville,CA: Hop Tech, 1994.

• HopUnion U.S.A. Inc. Hop Variety Characteristics. Yakima,WA: HopUnion, U.S.A., Inc. 1995.

• Miller, David. Homebrewing Guide. Pownal,VT: Storey Publishing, 1995.

• Snyder, Stephen. The Brewmaster's Recipe Manual. Guttenburg,NJ: The Beer Garden Press, 1994.